|The mixed traffic ecosystem in Salem:|
Looking south on Commercial from Court, 1913
|As it was reported here in Salem|
January 10th, 1919
|Compliance news in the Oregonian|
January 11th, 1919
Many pedestrians who had seen traffic conditions In Eastern and Middle West cities expressed approval of the adoption of "modern traffic laws" in Portland.The rules for walking would be coupled with rules for car storage, interestingly:
When the public has been instructed thoroughly regarding that angle [on walking] the new parking laws will be gradually enforced.
|Jaywalking "safety first" films|
Oregonian, January 26th, 1919
|During filming, January 9th, 1919 on front page|
Policemen and others were utilized to show how pedestrians should cross streets at right angles and be careful not to jaywalk and be careless in other ways destined to offer a fine target for the speeding motorist.Note that "the speeding motorist" is not the principal careless one! The focus is on jaywalking, not jaydriving.
This not only shifts the burden for safety to those on foot, but absolves motoring road users of fault.
All in all this is a moment by cars and car users in the take-over of public space we call a road.
It doesn't seem that the films have been written about, but if anything comes up on them, there might be more to say. And, of course, any new jaywalking laws here in Salem will be of interest as we go through 1919.
And here's some excellent autoist propaganda about jaywalking from later that fall!
|"Auto accidents are not always the fault of the driver"|
Oregonian, November 9th, 1919
Note that the "advertising manager for the Northwest Auto company" is "impersonating" the pedestrian in the photos!
Do you think that the usage of "impersonate" has shifted that much in a century? By modern usage this would be an easy tell, giving away that they were only pretending to care about the safety of those on foot, and really only caring to advance the interests of those using cars. But perhaps this makes that single word do too much work. Still, that one of the actors is from an auto agency underlines the main purpose here: "Auto accidents are not always the fault of the driver."
As autoists were motivated to seek greater immunity and "freedom," the invention and enforcement of jaywalking served their ideological, commercial, and legal interests.
Previously on jaywalking:
- "Before Jaywalking: In 1914 Street Crossings Belonged to Pedestrians"
- "Cars Rule, Walkers Drool! Othering the Person on Foot"
- "Why so much Acceptance for Traffic Cone Theory of Walking?"
- "Jay Driving deserves Revival as Term of Opprobrium!"
- "Conflicting Narratives about Walking Jostle in Story on Memorial to Crosslands"
- "Why Pedestrian Rights themselves may not be Sufficient"
- "Before Jaywalking: Pedestrian Rights and a Dangerous Instrumentality in 1921"
- "A Century Ago: Speed Maniacs, Autoists, and the Fight over Road Space"
- "With Call to Revive Jaywalking Laws, City Study Whiffs on Speed"
- "Induced Demand and Pedestrian Control in 1920s Chicago"
- "Robot Cars Should not Tempt us to Try to Criminalize Improper Walking"
- "Death on Foot: Too Much on Distracted Walking Canard"